From Xplor for Kids
August 2010 Issue

You Discover

Publish Date

Aug 01, 2010

With summer winding down, and autumn gearing up, there’s plenty to discover in August and September. Here are a few ideas to get you started.

Refuel a helicopter.

In mid-August, hummingbirds head south for winter. To fuel their trip, these tiny helicopters must eat half their body weight in insects and nectar each day. You’d have to drink 160 cans of soda to do the same— what a sugar rush! To help hungry hummers refuel, stock a feeder with sugar water. Sitting quietly underneath it is like being in the front row at an air show. One of the little birds might even perch on your finger if you hold really still! To make a hummingbird feeder, visit www.xplormo.org/node/9026.

Hook a hopper.

What’s nearly as much fun as catching fish? Catching grasshoppers for bait. A butterfly net will sweep up a ton, but hunting them by hand is a lot more fun. Stash what you catch in a coffee can. When you’re ready to fish, poke a hook directly behind the hopper’s head and let it come out the middle of its back. Don’t hook it too deeply—a dead hopper will catch fish, but a live one thrashing about will stir up quite a feeding frenzy.

Go on a backyard lion HUNT.

You won’t find big cats prowling your backyard, but you might find a mini predator that’s just as ferocious. Ant lions are tiny insect larvae that dig small, cone-shaped pits in the sand. When another insect stumbles into the pit, sliding sand keeps it from climbing out. The ant lion waits at the bottom, ready to snare the unlucky bug in its poison-tipped pincers. There are probably ant lions lurking in your backyard. Search for their pits in fine, dry soil beside houses, under decks or in flowerbeds. For tips on observing ant lions up close, visit www.xplormo. org/node/9028.

Pucker UP.

What looks like a squishy orange tomato, tastes like a cross between a pumpkin and a pear, and forecasts the weather as well as a groundhog? It’s a persimmon. Persimmons are good to eat—if they’re ripe. If they’re not, their bitter taste will make you pucker. Some folks claim you can tell how cold the winter will be by splitting open a persimmon seed. If the inside looks like a knife, expect frigid winds that will cut like a blade. A spoon predicts plenty of snow to shovel. And, if you find a fork, plan on a mild winter.

Go on a cricket CRAWL.

Head outside on a sultry August night, and you’ll be serenaded by the trilling of crickets and the buzzing of katydids. These relatives of grasshoppers sing with their wings, scraping the smooth edge of one wing against the rough surface of another. How many different kinds can you hear? If you can’t tell a cricket from a katydid, go to www.xplormo.org/ node/9029.

Race woolly bears.

In September, black-and-brown woolly bear caterpillars show up in full force. Grab your friends, round up a few of the frizzy-haired plant-munchers, and scratch a circle in the dirt about the size of a hula hoop. Place your captive caterpillars in the circle’s center, and see which woolly bear wiggles out first.

Drop some doves.

What’s small and gray, flies at 40 miles per hour, and performs mid-air dips and dives that would make a stunt pilot queasy? It’s a mourning dove, and there’s nothing more challenging than trying to drop a few with a shotgun. Dove season opens September 1, so grab an adult, put on some camouflage and pack plenty of shells. Doves flock to fields with lots of seeds and bare ground—mowed sunflower fields are perfect. For tips, rules and places to hunt, visit www.xplormo.org/node/19031.

MAKE A WISH.

If you want to wish on a shooting star, mark your calendar for August 12. Late that night, the Perseid meteor shower will flood the heavens with up to 80 shooting stars an hour. To enjoy the show, find a place away from city lights, spread a blanket and lie on your back facing the northeastern sky. Shooting stars aren’t really stars but bits of cosmic crud that crumble off comets. When the debris falls through Earth’s atmosphere, it flares up, giving dreamers something to wish upon.

Looking for more ways to have fun outside? Find out about Discover Nature programs in your area at www.xplormo.org/xplor/stuff-do/all-events.

Yuck!

Your guide to all the nasty, stinky, slimy and gross stuff that nature has to offer.

A vampire lurks in your backyard, but there’s no need to wear garlic. Yellow garden spiders won’t suck your blood— unless you’re a bug. Garden spiders weave spectacular webs in fields and beside houses. If an insect gets tangled, the spider rushes over, stabs it with its fangs, and pumps in venom that kills the bug and turns its insides to mush. The spider wraps its soon-to-be meal in a silken coffin. Once the bug has liquified, the spider returns to suck out a bug-flavored protein shake.

Strange But True

Freshwater jellyfish

Beneath the calm surface of Missouri’s lakes swims a mindless eating machine. Just like their saltwater cousins, freshwater jellyfish squirt through the water armed with stinging tentacles. But swimmers need not fear. Missouri’s jellyfish are about the size of a quarter and pose no threat to people. They use their tentacles to snare tiny aquatic animals called zooplankton. Jellyfish don’t appear every year, but watch for them from July to September when water temperatures reach 80 degrees.

What am I?

  • I’m mighty small now, but I’ll be almighty someday.
  • I wear a cap, but not on my head.
  • Some think I’m bitter. Others think I’m nutty.
  • Animals may gobble me up or squirrel me away.

All mighty oak trees begin life as tiny
acorns. Acorns are attached to trees
by saucer-shaped caps. Although some
acorns taste nutty, most are bitter.
Animals don’t seem to mind. When
acorns drop in fall, most are quickly gobbled up by turkeys, bears
and other wildlife. Squirrels and blue jays bury acorns for winter.
Some of these are forgotten and sprout into baby oaks in spring.

Ozark Sculpin

Why so glum, chum? These little fish are found only in the Ozarks where they hug the bottom of cold, swift streams. To avoid
becoming chum for predators, sculpins have a trick up their fins—they change color to blend in with their surroundings.

Also in this issue

Photos With Nop and Dave: Bell Mountain Sunrise

In photography—as in life—sometimes you have to try, try again. Just ask photographer David Stonner.

Wild Jobs: Duck Counter Andy Raedeke

It’s a bird. it’s a plane. It’s ... a waterfowl biologist?

My Outdoor Adventure

“This place needs help,” Triston said on the first visit to his family’s new farm.

Migration Sensation

Imagine traveling to a place you’ve never been. You have neither a suitcase nor a map. To get there, you’ll have to fly hundreds of miles and pit your wits against predators and storms. Sound scary? Migrating animals do it all the time.

Diary of a Black Bear

Hi! I’m a 3-year-old black bear. I live deep in the Ozarks along the banks of the Current River.

Xplor More: Tag a Migrating Monarch

In mid-September orange-and-black monarch butterflies flutter south to Mexico. You can help biologists track their movements by catching migrating monarchs and putting identification tags on their wings.

Whose Scat is That?

Animals leave clues to let us know where they’ve been. Search the woods carefully and you might find footprints in the dirt, chew marks on a nut, fur snagged on a thorn, and other, well, stuff.

This Issue's Staff:

David Besenger
Bonnie Chasteen
Chris Cloyd
Peg Craft
Les Fortenberry
Chris Haefke
Karen Hudson
Regina Knauer
Kevin Lanahan
Kevin Muenks
Noppadol Paothong
Marci Porter
Mark Raithel
Laura Scheuler
Matt Seek
David Stonner
Nichole LeClair Terrill
Stephanie Thurber
Alicia Weaver
Cliff White
Kipp Woods

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Xplor: Aug/Sept 2010

Magazine Cover with Bear
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